Featured Stories

Health And Parenting

Good Habits For Kids

In this video, will share the good habits with your kids. https://respectfullyconnected.com


LEARN MORE

Supporting Healthy Family Relationships

Good family relationships are enjoyable for their own sake and they also help your children feel secure and loved. Watch this video! https://respectfullyconnected.com


LEARN MORE

Parenting Tips to Calm Down Any Child In a Minute

Make your child feel comfortable. Become a good teacher for your kid and use positive words. Learn more here by watching this video. https://respectfullyconnected.com


READ MORE

Parenting And Healthy Lifestyle

Screw Your Iq Test You Will Not Limit My Son


After giving birth, it’s best to get plenty of rest and take care of yourself. You’ll need to get plenty of sleep and eat a healthy diet, as well as treat any postpartum health issues. What You don’t want to happen? Sleep deprivation can lead to depression and weight gain, while a poor diet can …

Read More Read More


View Article
Featured
Tips for Good Parenting with Toddlers

Tips for Good Parenting with Toddlers

Developmental Milestones Skills like sharing, pretend play, and ball kicking is examples of developmental milestones. The majority of kids may accomplish developmental milestones by a specific age. Children develop at different stages in their play, education, speech, behavior, and movement.

Tips for Effective Parenting

The actions listed below are just a few that you as a parent can take to support your toddler at this time:

  • Make a designated time when you will read to your child.
  • Support your child’s participation in pretend play.
  • Have your young child, play march or follow the leader’s lead.
  • Take your child on a stroll or a ride in the wagon to encourage her to investigate her surroundings.
  • Motivate your kid to share his age and name with you.

Protection of Children First

Your child will encounter more threats as a result of his increased mobility. Considering how rapidly hazardous circumstances can arise, keep a watchful check on your child.

Strong Bodies

Ask the employees at your childcare facility if they serve healthy beverages and food and whether they restrict viewing of television and other screens. The foods that your youngster enjoys may vary throughout the day. It’s preferable not to raise a fuss about it because it’s common behavior.

Featured
The Most Common Mistakes People Make with Health and Parenting

The Most Common Mistakes People Make with Health and Parenting

The importance of teaching children to be emotionally and mentally strong in the face of adversity has never been higher. When a student is emotionally and mentally stable, he or she is more likely to put effort into school and work.

They are better prepared to handle challenges as adults. 

Ways You Can Take to Safeguard Your Child’s Mental Health

Here are some precautions you may take to protect your kid’s mental health:

Minimizing your Kid’s Feelings

Teaching children that it is okay to feel and express a wide range of emotions is essential. Parents that tell their children things like “don’t be so upset about it” or “it’s not a big issue” are teaching their children that their emotions are unimportant and that it’s best to repress them.

Always Saving them from Failure

To achieve success, failure is essential. Children won’t grow up with the resilience to persevere through adversity if they’re never exposed to the teachings that follow failure.

Make Sure they Always Feel Comfortable

Your child might feel uncomfortable in a lot of different situations, like when he or she is introduced to something completely new. It is like a new meal, a new friend, a new activity, a new school, or a new neighborhood.

Featured
Weight Loss Supplement In Old Age

Weight Loss Supplement In Old Age

Unwanted weight loss in old age is common. If the kilos tumble through no fault of your own, this is almost always a call for help from the body and should be taken seriously. The risk of developing malnutrition is high since unwanted weight loss typically means that the body is not getting enough nutrients to sustain itself. Depending on their life situation and state of health, 10-60% of those over 65 are affected by malnutrition.

In addition to the loss of body fat, the breakdown of the vital body protein is particularly dangerous. Because protein is the basic building block of all cells in the body and makes sure that muscles, organs, and metabolism function normally. Malnutrition should therefore be countered as soon as possible. Statistically, well-nourished seniors live longer and have a better quality of life than their undernourished peers. Those who read protetox customer reviews|Walnut Crossfit must know that dietary supplement along with balanced diet and exercise can result to healthy weight loss.

protetox review

What causes unwanted weight loss?

There are several reasons for undesirable weight loss in old age. Infections, digestive problems, loneliness, loss of appetite, pain, unfavorable diet, and difficulty swallowing often result to unintentional weight loss. Weight loss is also a common symptom of chronic disease.

Whatever the cause, weight loss should not be taken lightly. Because the sooner it is stopped, the better for health and quality of life.

There is a risk of slipping into a vicious circle of malnutrition. The combination of loss of appetite and reduced food intake leads to an ever-increasing loss of body substance and progressive deterioration in nutrition and health.

Muscle loss with age

Unwanted weight loss is often associated with the breakdown of body protein. Usually not only the muscles are affected, but also the immune system and the functions of various organs. The capacity of the heart to pump blood through the body can be compromised due to muscle breakdown and protein deficiency.

If muscles are lost, a person becomes more and more immobile. Therefore, they can’t do some physical activities. There is a risk, especially for older people. They will no longer be able to look after themselves adequately. Grocery shopping and food preparation becomes more difficult. If the joy of eating is then lost, there are usually significant nutrient gaps. An undersupply threatens and ever larger protein gaps speed up the breakdown of the muscles.

Featured
The Effects Of Tongkat Ali Extract

The Effects Of Tongkat Ali Extract

Tongkat Ali is used in Southeast Asia as a traditional herbal remedy to treat male impotence, fatigue and even some infections.

Aphrodisiac effect

According to proponents, tongkat ali extract can help improve your sex life, whether you’re a man or a woman. This plant is said to have an aphrodisiac effect that increases your cravings.

But what does science say? It has been observed that certain proteins in Malaysian ginseng can influence sexual behavior in animals. In addition, eurypeptides increase testosterone production in certain rat experiments. All of this seems to have an aphrodisiac effect.

All in all, tongkat ali shows great potential as an aphrodisiac but more studies are needed before you can be sure of its effectiveness in humans.

tongkat ali extract

Increased potency

If you look at the most recent scientific studies, you see that tongkat ali is indeed able to increase the frequency and quality of erections in experimental animals. However, human studies are still needed before you can be sure that this effect occurs in humans.

Antimicrobial effect

Can tongkat ali fight infection? Surprisingly, several studies have found that extracts from this plant can destroy bacteria, fungi, and parasites.

However, more studies are needed before Malaysian ginseng can be used as an antibiotic. Do not use Malaysian ginseng to cure, treat, or prevent infection. Go to your nearest health center if you think you may be suffering from a disease caused by microorganisms.

Anti-aging effect

Eurycoma has been shown to maintain bone mass and improve muscle development in aged mice. Also, the plant’s ingredients contain high levels of polyphenols, molecules that naturally fight oxidation that causes premature aging. Because of this, tongkat may have some anti-aging effects.

Anxiolytic action

Do you suffer from anxiety? Then you should “keep an eye on” Tongkat Ali. Supplements made from this plant have been shown to reduce anxiety in rats. It’s also thought that this anxiolytic effect may also help reduce the “anticipatory anxiety” some men feel about sexual encounters, which can lead to erectile dysfunction.

Unfortunately, there are very few studies examining Malaysian ginseng’s anxiolytic potential. Therefore, further experiments to learn more about the incredible potential of the Asian plant is needed.

Metabolic activator

Many people also claim that tongkat ali has anti-diabetic, “fat-burning” and “weight-loss” properties. What is true about these claims?

In studies on mice, eurycoma improves pancreatic function and helps lower blood sugar levels.

The anti-stress effect of Malaysian ginseng has been shown in a small experiment to “balance” the metabolism and hormonal balance. A balanced metabolism can make it easier to lose weight.

According to one study, tongkat ali can promote fat loss by improving response to exercise.

Featured
Health: Antioxidant For Fat Loss

Health: Antioxidant For Fat Loss

Whether you want to lose weight for a special occasion or simply improve your health, weight loss is a very common goal. In order to set realistic expectations, it is essential to know what a healthy rate of weight loss is.

Setting realistic weight loss goals and following a balanced eating plan tailored to individual needs, preferences and medical conditions are key principles to facilitate weight loss in obese patients. Most importantly, it is to reduce overall cardiometabolic risk and other obesity-related comorbidities.

How long does it take to lose weight?

The characteristics of the optimal dietary strategy for weight loss remain controversial. Different eating plans including low-fat diets, antioxidant for fat loss diets, and intermittent energy restriction diets can be controversial for every person.

As a general principle, the optimal diet for the treatment of obesity should be safe, effective, healthy and nutritionally adequate. It should also be culturally acceptable and economically affordable. The diet should ensure long-term adherence and maintenance of weight loss.

Geeks Health

How weight loss occurs

Weight loss happens when you steadily consume fewer calories compared to the ones you burn everyday. Weight gain occurs when you regularly eat more calories than what you burn through movement and various physical exertion.

Any food or drink you consume that contains calories counts towards your total calorie intake. The number of calories you burn every single day, which is known as calorie or energy consumption, is decisive in the process of losing weight.

Setting realistic weight loss goals is extremely important. Setting strict and difficult goals can often lead to failure and discouragement. The goal of losing 5-10% of the initial body weight in the first six months is a realistic approach. This also brings a significant improvement in cardiometabolic risk factors. Beyond setting realistic goals, long-term adherence to dietary interventions is also a major challenge. Many diets are only followed for short periods of time especially those with extreme restrictions leading to suboptimal control of long-term weight.

An even more important goal than losing weight is maintaining weight loss and preventing weight regain. The physiological response to weight loss is resistance to further weight loss through a compensatory biological adaptation expressed as a change in hormonal balance related to appetite regulation.

Featured
Different Ways on How Parents Can Support Their Kid’s Mental Health in College

Different Ways on How Parents Can Support Their Kid’s Mental Health in College

Parents and students carefully consider statistics like graduation rates, financial aid availability, and post-graduate employment while choosing an institution. The college site is examined, the cuisine in the dining hall is examined, the academic programs are assessed, and the lecturers are graded.

Various Approaches of Parents in Supporting their Kid’s Mental Health

Here is the list of the proactive approaches of parents and students regarding their mental health needs on campus.

  1. Early on in the process, ask questions

Before arriving on campus, parents and students should inquire about the mental health services offered by the school. Each family has a responsibility to contact the school’s counseling director before applying to a university.

  1. Be moderate in your expectations when using college services

Students are coming in for help with various issues, from eating disorders and generalized anxiety and sadness to even more severe mental illness. When students need assistance, wellness centers are typically the first port of call, but some of the more serious issues can’t be properly treated by campus mental health counselors.

  1. Discuss your issues with mental health.

In recent years, there has been less stigma associated with mental illness.

Parents need to be extra open to discussing these problems with their children. The pandemic may have pushed that openness even further.

Featured
How to Convince Your Kids to have Good Oral Health Routine?

How to Convince Your Kids to have Good Oral Health Routine?

Keeping a healthy, clean smile is important for several reasons. Not only does it impact your confidence and self-esteem, but it can also affect the rest of your body.

In fact, the American Dental Association estimates that 43% of adults between the ages of 20 and 69 have either avoided seeing a dentist or postponed their appointment in the past 5 years because they were too embarrassed or afraid of what might be found there.

If you want your kids to grow up with good oral health habits, here are some ways you can help them get there!

Set a Good Example

There are many ways you can set a good example for your kids’ oral health. You can brush and floss your teeth regularly, and go to the dentist for a checkup every 6 months — just as your dentist recommends for adults. If you have any visible signs of gum disease or other dental issues, you can also use that as a way to teach your kids about the importance of a healthy smile.

Educate Your Kids

Start an oral health education program in your household as soon as your child’s teeth start coming in. This is a great way to show your kids the importance of brushing, flossing, and visiting the dentist.

For younger kids, you can start out by letting them see you brushing and flossing and ask them to imitate you.

But of course, it won’t take effect immediately so if you’re convinced by geekshealth.com/prodentim-reviews and bought an oral care supplement and wanted to try it with your kids, you can use tricks to make them have it.

Provide Tools for Good Oral Health Care

These tools can help your child be more consistent with their oral health routine.

  • Toothbrush: Most dentists recommend using a soft-bristled brush with fluoride, as this can help fight tooth decay as well as plaque and gingivitis. When choosing a toothbrush, be sure to get one with a small head and short, soft bristles so that it is easy for your child to maneuver around their mouth.
  • Mouthwash: Mouthwash is a great addition to any oral health routine. Not only does it help kill germs, but it can also reduce bad breath.

Create Rewards and Celebrations

If you have a particularly stubborn child who refuses to brush their teeth no matter how often you remind them to do it, you can try rewarding them for good brushing behavior.

Featured
Plastic Surgery Among Teens: Should You Allow Your Teen To Undergo Plastic Surgery

Plastic Surgery Among Teens: Should You Allow Your Teen To Undergo Plastic Surgery

Cosmetic surgery is not a new phenomenon. In fact, it has been around for centuries. But in the last few decades, cosmetic surgery has become more popular and accepted among teenagers. Now, the question is – Should parents allow their teens to go through cosmetic plastic surgery?

If the teen is going through a difficult time, then yes. If the teen is doing well in school and in sports, then they may not need it. The decision to allow your teen to undergo cosmetic surgery is up to you. You might want them to go through the pain and suffering that comes with it, or you might feel that they’re just not ready yet.

Why Teens are Seeking Out Plastic Surgery?

Teenagers are seeking out plastic surgery to improve their self-esteem and relieve anxiety.

The most common reason for teenage girls to get plastic surgery is to improve their skin, which can lead to a better self-image and less anxiety. Teenagers also consider plastic surgery as a way of looking more attractive in order to be more popular.

The most common reasons for teenage boys getting plastic surgery is for more confidence and an improved appearance.

Why do teens need a parent’s support during the decision-making process?

The decision-making process is a difficult one for teens. They are still learning how to be independent and have to make many decisions that they might not know what the consequences of those decisions will be.

A parent’s support is crucial in this decision-making process because it can serve as a resource for their child. They can give guidance and advice on what the best choices are for their child, especially when it comes to drugs, alcohol, and other substances.

Read also: Knowing More About Authoritative Parenting

How to Encourage & Support Your Teen’s Decision-Making Process

When it comes to decision-making, teens are typically more impulsive than adults. However, they also need support and encouragement to make the right decisions.

According to a study from the association of plastic surgery Tampa, teens who were given more autonomy were more likely to make healthy decisions, particularly when it comes to plastic surgery. This is because they were able to learn about their own strengths and weaknesses.

Self-confidence is an important part of the decision-making process for teens. It helps them develop a better understanding of what they want in life and what their goals are for the future.

What are the Best Ways to Support your Teenager after Surgery?

In the United States, an estimated 10 million teenagers will undergo surgery in their lifetime. With the right support and resources, they can recover faster and be back to their normal life within a few weeks.

The best way of supporting your teenager after surgery is to provide them with emotional support. They need to know that you are there for them and that you love them unconditionally.

Some other ways of giving your teenagers support are by providing them with information about what to expect after surgery, talking to them about their recovery plan, being available for physical contact, and helping them get back into school or sports as soon as possible.

Featured
When Should Parents Allow Their Daughters To Put On Make-Up?

When Should Parents Allow Their Daughters To Put On Make-Up?

Young Girl Wearing Make Up

 

Most of the women I see on the street walk around the world with make-up on. Some more, some less. But by the 9th grade at the latest, every girl knows what a concealer is and what you use the highlighter for. And YouTube make-up tutorials are already known in elementary school… not to mention permanent eyeliners (visit https://www.foreverstudios.co.uk/pmu/eyeliner/ for more info).

This raises the following question for me:

When should children be allowed to put on make-up?

The make-up is everywhere!

Make-up is an omnipresent part of the world in today’s world. He is in almost every household and accompanies us every step of the way. We see advertising of make-up on TV, on advertising columns and on the stack of magazines during visits to the doctor. Even when shopping for drugstores, a whole wall full of make-up kills us. Is it even possible to escape make-up?

Social pressure when everyone else is already putting on make-up

I am the absolute late bloomer when it comes to make-up. My parents were against me putting on make-up because they thought it would ruin my natural beauty. I, on the other hand, felt trapped in a quandary.

If everyone does it, you quickly become an outsider if you don’t join. These can be banal things. If all other girls already wear a bra or have a period beforehand, girls often have a feeling of otherness.

With make-up, however, this is such a thing, because you do not have to wait for a physical development. You can make up everything that has a face!

Is there any point in parents forbidding their children to put on make-up?

As I said, my parents weren’t thrilled with the idea that I would put on makeup, even though I was already 14/15. Sometimes I was allowed to – on special occasions such as birthdays or the like. But it was taboo to go to school with make-up on!

Unfortunately, bans rarely bring anything to pubertal teenagers. Of course, I did it anyway. Early in the morning I put on make-up downstairs in the guest toilet and was the first to go to the door so that no one saw me. It wasn’t much, just a little mascara and lipstick. After school, I put on make-up with a few make-up wipes. That’s how I did it – for about half a year.

 

ALSO READ: Smart Parenting Tips for Your Child’s Oral Health

 

Is there a “too early” make-up?

It is not uncommon for me to meet 10-year-old girls in my environment who try their hand at lip gloss and blush. The thought “too early” comes up in me instinctively, but is it really? After all, I don’t want them to do the same secrecy as I did back then. Nowadays I have the feeling that “everything” starts much earlier anyway.

Show them how to put on make-up!

What do you think of it when you, the parents, teach the kids how to handle make-up properly? How to use the Eyliner and with what swing to apply the mascara?

Unfortunately, I still have some very embarrassing photos in which I painted my eyes very dark and I had a bit like the guitarist of a punk rock band. I would have liked someone to show me how the rabbit runs!

When should children be allowed to put on make-up?

There is probably no right answer to this. After all, adults also put on make-up. It’s probably best for parents to put themselves in their children’s shoes. The question of “why” usually explains almost everything.

If you are strictly against it for various reasons, then you absolutely have to teach the children in a neutral way. Fobing them off with a “because I say it” probably won’t stop them. I would also suggest that you and you carefully approach the make-up. In this case, the kids can only make up discreetly for the time being, before they later become “more colorful”!

 

Featured
Smart Parenting Tips for Your Child’s Oral Health

Smart Parenting Tips for Your Child’s Oral Health

Father brushing his teeth with his son

 

Good oral care for children is important from an early age. Children with healthy (milk) teeth have a greater chance of good teeth as an adult. Children are also at greater risk of cavities because their enamel has not yet hardened. The Phoenix dentist is happy to give you several tips for oral care for children.

Brushing teeth

Once your child has a first tooth, it’s important to start brushing his or her teeth. To do this, use a small toothbrush with soft bristles. Also, use fluoride toothpaste, but make sure that the toothpaste contains the right amount of fluoride that fits the age of your child. An excessive amount of fluoride can be harmful.

How and how often you should brush your child’s teeth depends on his or her age. We recommend the following:

  • 0 to 24 months: brush the teeth 1 time a day, preferably after the last feeding. Also gently massage the gums.
  • 2 to 4 years: brush the teeth 2 times a day, preferably after breakfast and before bedtime. Also, start teaching your child how to brush their teeth themselves.
  • 4 to 6 years: have your child brush their teeth twice a day under supervision, preferably after breakfast and before bedtime. Make sure that the back molars are also well polished, at this age the first permanent molars come through and these are extra sensitive to cavities.
  • From 6 years: have your child brush your teeth twice a day, preferably after breakfast and before bedtime. We recommend brushing the teeth once a day for up to ten years. At this age, you can also teach your child to floss and an electric toothbrush may be used.

 

ALSO READ: Knowing More About Authoritative Parenting

 

Pay attention to nutrition

Not only brushing teeth but also nutrition has a major impact on the health of your child’s teeth. Cavities are often caused by wrong eating and drinking habits. Baby bottles and spout cups give the biggest problems because children suck on them for a long time. That is why it is preferable to switch to a cup as quickly as possible.

Be further careful with sugary or acidic products. Because the enamel of children has not yet hardened, these products can cause damage to the teeth.

Visit the dental hygienist

It is often thought that a visit to the dental hygienist is only intended for adults, but children are also welcome at the dental hygienist from the moment the first teeth are through. By introducing your child to a dental hygienist from an early age, you can prevent many problems in the future. The dental hygienist can also give you tips on, among other things, brushing teeth, additional oral care, and the importance of nutrition.

A check-up at the dentist

It is recommended to visit the dentist twice a year with children from the age of one year. The dentist checks your child’s teeth for cavities and can perform a fluorine treatment.

 

Featured
Knowing More About Authoritative Parenting

Knowing More About Authoritative Parenting

Although they utilize admiration to encourage good behavior, authoritative parents have specific expectations for their children.

While authoritative parents may establish clear boundaries and restrictions for their children, they will also provide them with the guidance and expertise they require to flourish and meet those goals. Authoritative parenting is often confused with authoritarian parenting, although the two are not the same. Its goal is to achieve a healthy mix of structure and nurture.

The question is if authoritative parenting is a parenting style to calm down any child? Let us continue reading to learn more about the authoritative style of parenting.

Examples of Authoritative Parenting

Generally, an authoritative parent will use praise, encouragement, and reinforcement instead of punishment or threats to motivate their children to do better the next time. Here are some good examples of such:

  • setting household chores, but allowing the child to choose whatever tasks he or she wants to be in charge of
  • when expectations aren’t met or rules are breached, enforcing clear and equitable discipline
  • listening to kids when they’re upset, disappointed, or feeling another big emotion
  • micromanaging your child’s behavior over emphasizing your sense of connection with them
  • rather than enabling your child’s dreams and interests, assist them by providing them with the resources and encouragement they require.

Featured
Why You shouldn’t Forget to Exercise when You become a Parent?

Why You shouldn’t Forget to Exercise when You become a Parent?

If you’re anything like the average parent, the idea of becoming a parent probably just dropped on you. Suddenly, all your activities as a parent were in front of you. You have to start finding time for your family, and all of a sudden. And – of course – you wonder what you have to do in order to become a good parent. You also wonder if you should even change anything about the way you’ve been doing things as a parent before now.

The good news is that you don’t have to do anything drastic or drastic at all. All you have to do is remember to exercise when you become a parent. It’s that simple.

Becoming a parent is a huge change for the family and you have to give your new role some time to sink in. The thing is, you’re going to have a lot of new responsibilities and most likely a lot less time. Read on to learn why you should not forget to exercise when you become a parent.

You Get to Meet New Strides in Fitness

You have the added responsibility of looking after a new person, so becoming a parent is going to test your fitness in a completely new way. Perhaps before, you are religiously taking your PGAnabolics Canada to achieve that ripped and bulky physique. But now, you have less time to devote to yourself, you will have to make up for it in other ways. Thus, you will have to put in more effort and attention into your fitness regime. You will have to explore other fitness activities to better suit your lifestyle and situation as a parent.

Exercising to become a parent is going to be one of the best things you can do. It will not only ensure that you are healthy, but it will also keep you fit and agile.

Exercise is Good for Your Body

 

Parenting is no easy task. It is something that requires dedication, commitment and of course, unconditional love. And while this is true, it is also important that you take care of your body as well. This is especially true if you are planning on being a stay-at-home parent.

Help Kids Make Proper Drink Choices

Help Kids Make Proper Drink Choices

Many children drink too little or the wrong thing. Thirst is a sign that the body lacks water. Even slight dehydration has consequences and can even have a negative impact on school performance.

Nothing works without water

Water is needed everywhere in the body. For example, it transports nutrients into the cells and is involved in almost all metabolic processes.

Some of the liquid you need is found in your food, in fruits and vegetables, in salads, in dairy products and in other water-rich foods. The majority of the liquid that your body needs, however, has to be supplied through drinks. Depending on their age, children and adolescents should drink 1 to 2 litres of liquid a day.

If you drink too little, the mouth and mucous membranes become dry. Dehydration can have serious consequences. Difficulty concentrating, headaches or impaired vision can occur. School grades can even deteriorate in school children.

geekshealth.com

The healthiest drinks for children

The best thirst quencher is plain water. It is calorie-free and contains no sugar, flavouring or colouring. Tap water is just as suitable as mineral water.

Unsweetened herbal or fruit teas are also good thirst quenchers. There’s a wide range to choose from, so you’re sure to find flavours your child likes. Fruit teas in particular also taste wonderful cold.

For adolescents who are suffering from obesity, the Ikaria Lean Belly Juice product is a healthy drink for them. This can help them burn belly fat and stay fit. Through this site, you can find a high standard of quality fitness and health information to help you as parents.

Sweet drinks are not a solution

Children love it sweet, even when drinking. If possible, do not give them any soft drinks. Fruit nectar, cola or ice tea are bad thirst quenchers. A lot of sugar is added to all these drinks, often more than 100 grams per litre. That’s around 30 sugar cubes. Such amounts of sugar not only attack the teeth but can also make you fat in the long term.

Natural high-calorie drinks

Natural fruit juices contain a similar number of calories as sweet drinks because all fruits contain natural fructose. If you want to do without calorie bombs, it is best to offer your children diluted fruit juices.

Generic Medicines – Saving Millions of Indians from Medical Poverty

Generic Medicines – Saving Millions of Indians from Medical Poverty

In April 2017, the Medical Council of India made it mandatory for physicians, healthcare providers to prescribe and dispense drugs carrying generic names. The move to replace branded medicines with generic substitutes was deemed necessary by Indian health authorities, in lowering the overall out-of-pocket expenses incurred by households for basic healthcare needs.

The implementation of mandatory prescription of generic medicines somehow alleviated the distrust of households over the quality of generic medications. Generally, Hindustan households perceived the generic brands as poor quality imitations of the proprietary medicines produced by pharmaceutical companies.

A study performed by the Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics revealed that 92% of India’s adult population know of generic drugs, of which 92.70% comprehend the distinctions that set apart the branded from the generic medicines. However about 47.8% of those who know what generic brands are, prefer to believe in proprietary pharma-branded drugs.

Yet a survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) in 2014, revealed that of the majority of Indian households, 82% in urban areas and 86% in rural locations have no support to alleviate their health expenditures.

Government studies showed that lowering the cost of medicines will prevent several households from going into medical poverty. Although many practicing physicians in India were not confident in the efficacy of generic drugs, 62% of healthcare providers in the country supported the mandatory implementation of generic drug prescriptions in all sectors across India. Those who do not comply with the mandate stand to lose their license as medical practitioners.

Understanding the Real Nature of Generic Medicines

Generic drugs started out as proprietary medicines that earned the manufacturers a patent to name the medicine by a specific brand. However, after a period of ten years, the patent held by the pharma company expires. Unless the patent is renewed, the pharma company cannot market the medicine using the patented brand.

An expired patent affects only the right to use the brand name but not the exclusive right to manufacture, distribute and sell the medicine under a generic name; usually using a name based on its salt component.

The FDA allows the sale of the generic brand as long as it’s sold for a lower cost and has different color, size and packaging. What is important is that the generic and the original brand are bio-equivalent; having the same formulation and using the same ingredients whilst using the same manufacturing method in their productions. That is why generic drugs must be available in the same dosages as the original branded medicine. .

Regulation of Generic Drug Distribution and Sale via the PCD Franchise System

Inasmuch as India is a leading manufacturer and supplier of generic medicines in the global pharmaceutical market, the government ensures that the sale of generic drugs in the local market will be maintained at the lowest possible cost.

Through a system called Propaganda Cum Distribution (PCD) system, operators of generic drug stores can buy generic medicines at low prices by using the services of PCD pharma franchise companies. Moreover, generic drugstore operators who hold PCD franchise agreements with a PCD franchise company will have a monopoly in the sale of specific generic medicines included in the franchise agreement and in a particular geographical location.

2

Male Infertility: Lack Of Testosterone Can Be The Cause

Male Infertility: Lack Of Testosterone Can Be The Cause

For many couples, the longed-for desire to have children does not materialize. A long-held misconception that only women are affected by infertility is still widespread. In fact, however, the physical causes of unwanted childlessness are shared by both partners in around 40% of couples.

Read also: Supporting Healthy Family Relationships

When is a fertility disorder present?

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), infertility or sterility is to be diagnosed if pregnancy persists for 24 months despite regular and unprotected sexual intercourse. In addition, a distinction is made between two other types of fertility disorders.

If there is no pregnancy after six months despite regular sexual intercourse during the fertile period, then there is “slight subfertility”. This is the case for around 20% of couples who wish to have children. About 10% of all couples with a desire to have children that are not fulfilled for longer than 12 cycles suffer from “significant subfertility”.

Sperm quality can be adversely affected by various factors such as an unhealthy lifestyle and exposure to environmental pollutants. In addition, organic or hormonal causes, such as a lack of testosterone, can also be the cause of poor sperm quality. In this regard, men can consult a urologist or andrologist.

Clarification of male infertility at the doctor

Some examinations can provide information if male infertility is suspected:

  • Spermiogramm
  • Ultrasound examination of the testicle
  • hormone analysis
  • If necessary, karyotyping to detect genetic abnormalities

Spermiogramm

The spermiogram is used to determine the number, mobility, and shape of the sperm. According to the WHO, a normal spermiogram (normozoospermia) is characterized by an ejaculate volume of ≥ 1.5 ml, a pH value of ≥ 7.2, and a sperm concentration of ≥ 15 million spermatozoa per milliliter.

Other features include a total sperm count of ≥ 39 million spermatozoa and a proportion of ≥ 32% progressively motile sperm per ejaculate. In addition to good motility, the morphology must be normal in ≥ 4% of the sperm. The proportion of living sperm should be at least 50%. If no normozoospermia can be detected, it is important to find out why, for example, there is a reduced sperm count or sperm motility is restricted.

Ultrasound examination of the testicle and testicular vessels

Diseases of the testicles are among the most important causes of sterility in men. An ultrasound can be used to determine changes in the testicular tissue, such as testicular tumors or a varicocele, which, like other testicular diseases, can be the reason for unwanted childlessness.

This also includes underdeveloped testicles, undescended testicles, and testicular inflammation (orchitis). Men with testicular damage of this type often have reduced testosterone production and as a result, can suffer from what is known as primary hypogonadism. This is characterized by low testosterone levels combined with high LH (luteinizing hormone) and FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) levels.

Hormone analysis to clarify hormonal causes

In addition to organic causes, hormonal imbalances that impair spermiogenesis can also be the reason for unwanted childlessness. These include:

  • Thyroid disorders (hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism)
  • Hyperprolactinemia
  • Hypogonadism

An overactive or underactive thyroid gland results in reduced sperm concentration, mobility, and altered morphology. A prolactinoma, a tumor of the anterior pituitary gland, can be the cause of increased production of prolactin and thus hyperprolactinemia. Secondary hypogonadism is often the result. However, it can also be triggered by certain medications, marijuana abuse, excessive alcohol consumption, and various diseases (e.g. obesity or type 2 diabetes).

According to the guidelines of the European Association of Urology (EAU), men have hypogonadism if the following criteria apply: First, the total testosterone level must be below 12, 1 nmol/L or the serum-free testosterone level is below 243 pmol/L and second, the man must be suffering from persistent symptoms suggestive of testosterone deficiency. In this case, men could be subjected to testosterone therapy with recommendations of the best supplements for testosterone.

What do the guidelines recommend for hypogonadism and the desire to have children?

According to EAU guidelines, hypogonadism can be easily treated with exogenous testosterone intake using testosterone preparations. However, it should be noted that testosterone therapy is contraindicated in hypogonadal men who wish to have children.

This can be explained by the fact that testosterone administration would strongly inhibit the FSH secretion required for spermiogenesis due to the negative feedback in hormone regulation. As a result, sperm production would drop even further. Therefore, treatment with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in combination with FSH treatment should be considered in male hypogonadism with concomitant infertility, particularly in men with low gonadotropins (secondary hypogonadism).

Treatment with hCG alone can result in FSH suppression, further reducing testosterone production through negative feedback. This form of therapy is not recommended for the long-term therapy of male hypogonadism, since there is still insufficient information on therapeutic and undesirable side effects. An exception is the indication for fertility treatment. [6]

 

American Children Have Poor Cardiovascular Fitness Due to Lack of Physical Activities

American Children Have Poor Cardiovascular Fitness Due to Lack of Physical Activities

A 2020 report published by the American Heart Association revealed that almost sixty percent of American children have poor Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). CRF is actually a measure that indicates the overall strength of the heart, blood circulation and lungs in children. The report also stated that a major contributor to the low CRF in children is the lack or fewer engagement in physical activities. While the past two years were not ideal for children to be active in physical games or sports, fitness experts recommend that even if children have no other choice but to stay home, they should at least get into the habit of stretching their body.

 

In contrast, related studies about children with healthy CRF indicated that they have better academic achievements because they have clearer thinking, have a higher sense of self-esteem and satisfaction, as well as stronger mental health. However, the current low CRF has been observed not only in American youth but globally, ever since it went on a downward trend in the 1980s.

Now more than ever, children in well-off countries are more sedentary than the children of previous generations, in line with the advent of the Internet of things, and mobile gaming. Prior to the COVID-19 studies children already preferred using their smartphones and electronic gadgets for entertainment and recreation.
In recent meta analysis, it was revealed that low CRFs are more prevalent in younger children than in teens, who more or less have been channelling their physical activities through dancing.
Nowadays, parents are encouraged to include their children in stretching regimen to help their kids grow up living a healthier life.

Stretching Exercises for Children to Improve Their Muscle Strength and Flexibility

Stretching are lighter forms of exercises as they are often used as preparatory activities for more strenuous exercises. The goal is to loosen up the joints and muscles, which may have tightened due to long hours of being asleep in bed or of sitting in front of a gaming console.

The actions you take to stretch your body might not be appropriate for a kid because your body has different levels of muscle strength and even muscle weakness. Moreover, stretching helps improve blood circulation, which reduces the stress on joints and muscles.

Recommended Stretching Exercises for Kids

The following are stretching activities that kids might not be able to perform instantly with great accuracy. Through constant practice, they will experience improvements and greater ease in achieving flexibility.

A toe touch stretch taken from a standing position that will have a child bend over to reach his or her toes.

Neck half circle stretches that start with touching This stretch for children starts by making the right ear touch the right shoulder then roll their head chin to chest to perform the left ear-left shoulder stretch.

Shoulder circles are performed by simultaneously shrugging and rotating shoulders forward at first and downwards on the next rounds.

Arm circle stretches will have children extending thei arms on both sides and parallel to their shoulders. Using their hands, the children will draw circles starting with small ones that later grow into large circles.

Side bend stretches starts with standing up straight with arms placed outside each thigh. The child will them move one hand toward the outside of the knee by bending sidewards, which he or she might bit be able to do successfully at first. Continue doing the stretching exercise alternately on the left side.

𐌢